A Homocysteine Test is a blood test that will confirm the level of homocysteine in the blood. Elevated levels of homocysteine in the blood may be associated with an increased risk of heart attacks, strokes, blood clots, and possibly Alzheimer’s disease. Homocysteine levels in the blood are strongly influenced by an individual’s diet and genetic factors. Folate and B vitamins like B6 and B12 are necessary to help break down homocysteine in the body, so when an individual is lacking in these vitamins, they may have an overabundance of homocysteine. Vitamin B12 deficiency can lead to irreversible neurologic damage, folate deficiency during pregnancy may cause neural tube defects, and either can cause megaloblastic anemia. Although folate and vitamin B12 can be measured directly, homocysteine is a more accurate indicator of deficiency at the tissue level.
List of examination in Analysis:
- Heart Health
- Men’s Health
- Women’s Health
Homocysteine testing is useful in checking the overall risk of heart disease. Screening for elevated homocysteine levels is recommended in patients with a strong personal or family history of heart disease, and it is also recommended for patients with unexplained blood clots, heart attacks, strokes, or other symptoms related to heart disease, especially if they do not have typical risk factors, such as smoking cigarettes, diabetes, high blood pressure, or high LDL cholesterol levels.
Turnaround time for the Homocysteine test is typically 2-5 business days.
Fasting is not required for this test.